Car Accident Attorney inGramling, SC

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CHSA Law, LLC Fighting
for Your Rights in Gramling, SC

When an accident comes without warning, even the most prepared person can fall victim. One moment, you're walking to a restaurant after a long day of work. The next moment, someone else's negligence and carelessness change your life forever. Personal injury victims aren't just the victims of negligence they suffer from pain, concern over family and ability to work. Often, these victims do not have the luxury of worrying about work and family, because they're clinging to life in an ER. Without a personal injury attorney in Gramling, SC, by their side, they mistakenly provide official statements to insurance agencies and accept settlement offers that only account for a fraction of what they have lost.

If you have recently been hurt in an accident, you may be asking questions like:

  • "What happens now?"
  • "How will I pay for my hospital bills?"
  • "Will I get fired from my job?"
  • "Will I be able to function independently ever again?"

With more than 100,000 car accidents in South Carolina every year, we hear these questions every day. Our hearts hurt for those who are suffering due to no fault of their own. Accident victims are not only left with questions like those above; they're also forced to deal with costs associated with medical bills, car repair, follow-up appointments, and loss of income.

While reading these facts can be bleak, there is a silver lining. South Carolina law dictates that those who are found responsible for your pain and suffering may be obligated to pay for your expenses. CHSA Law, LLC exists for that exact reason to make sure that negligent parties are held accountable. We fight on your behalf to make sure you get the compensation you deserve. We aren't afraid to go toe-to-toe with greedy insurance agencies who do not have your best interests at heart.

Our overarching goal is to protect your rights, and our law firm is uniquely positioned to do so, with attorney Michael Dill‘s vast experience in the auto insurance industry.

Personal Injury Attorney Gramling, SC
Service Areas

We offer comprehensive vehicle representation for a number of different automobile accidents, including:

  • Distracted Driving
  • Drunk Driving
  • Rollovers
  • Multi-Vehicle Accidents
  • Automobile Defects
  • Roadway Defects
  • Speeding
  • Reckless Driving
  • Uninsured Motorists or
    Underinsured Drivers
  • Rear-End Collisions
  • Car Rental Accidents
  • RV Accidents

If you know you have been involved in one of the car accidents above, the time to seek experienced representation is now. Generally, car accident victims have three years from the date of their injuries to file a personal injury claim in Gramling. That time frame can be reduced in certain circumstances. When a wrongful death is involved, surviving family members must take action in a similar time frame.

The bottom line is that speed is of the essence in these cases. When we sit down with you to learn more about your accident, we will help you understand South Carolina law so that you are fully informed before taking legal action. The sooner we can dig into the details of your case, the sooner we can fight for your rights.

We Recover Compensation
When You Need It Most

The law states that personal injury victims are entitled to compensation for the full extent of their injuries. Why? Because the primary goal of injury compensation in Gramling, SC, is to help the victim return to the state they would have been in, if the accident never occurred. In the literal sense, doing so isn't possible. The law cannot reverse the incredible suffering and pain that accompanies a severe injury. As such, personal injury victims are entitled to receive a financial reward that equals those damages.

How much compensation you get depends on the facts and nuances of your case. With that said, you may be able to recover compensation for the following needs:

  • Rehab-Related Expenses like
    Physical Therapy
  • All Medical Expenses
  • Pain and Suffering
  • Long-Term Disability
  • Lost Wages and Loss of
    Future Income Earning Ability
  • Disfigurement
  • Emotional Distress
  • Mental Anguish

If you or someone you love was recently injured in a car wreck, contact our office today to speak with a personal injury lawyer in Gramling, SC. The sooner you call, the sooner we can begin fighting for your rights and the compensation you need.

 Personal Injury Lawyer Gramling, SC The-Cobb-Dill-Hammett-Difference
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What Our Clients Say

The Role of Negligence in Your
Gramling Personal Injury Case

If there were one common truth that we can count on, it's that life is unpredictable. Sometimes, accidents just happen. However, when recklessness and negligence come into play in situations where accidents cause personal injuries, the negligent party can be held responsible under South Carolina law. For victims to have a chance at compensation, the party responsible for the accident must be proven to be negligent. When a party or parties are negligent, they fail to take appropriate care when performing an action, like driving an automobile.

 Car Accident Attorney Gramling, SC
At CHSA Law, LLC, our team works to prove negligence
for our clients by proving:
  • The defendant had an obligation to look out for your safety.
  • The defendant did not uphold that duty.
  • There was causation between the defendant's breach of duty and the injuries you sustained.
  • You suffered real damages.

After an accident occurs, it is critical to take certain steps to help prove the responsible party's negligence and maximize the compensation you rightly deserve.

Steps to Maximize Compensation
After an Accident in Gramling, SC

All too often, car wreck victims don't get the compensation they need because they failed to take the proper steps after their accident. Don't let this be you. By having comprehensive records of your car accident and its aftermath, you have a much better chance of protecting your rights and maximizing compensation for your bills and injuries. If you have been injured in an automobile accident in Gramling, follow these steps before doing anything else:

1.

Go to a Doctor

First and foremost, seek medical attention for any injuries that you have sustained. You might not realize it now, but your injuries may be more complex and serious than you think. Damage like head trauma and back injuries are not easy to diagnose on your own and sometimes take time to surface. A full medical examination will help reveal the extent of your injuries, lead to a quicker recovery, and help document the injuries you sustained. This last part is essential to prove the significance of your injuries.

 Law Firm Gramling, SC
2.

File an
Accident Report

The second step you should take is to report your injuries to the correct authorities. The authorities change depending on the circumstances of your accident. If you were involved in a car wreck in Gramling, you should file your report with the highway authorities and any associated insurance agencies. Regardless of where you were injured and how the wreck occurred, the biggest takeaway here is to file a report. That way, you have an established, official record of the incident that can be referred to down the line.

Personal Injury Attorney Gramling, SC
3.

Preserve Evidence
if Possible

Personal injury cases in Gramling are won with evidence. It might sound like the job of the police, but it's important that you try to secure any evidence that you can collect relating to your accident, especially if you are injured. Evidence in auto accident cases tends to disappear quickly. By preserving evidence soon after the accident, it can be used in court. For example, if you cannot get a witness statement immediately after your wreck, their testimony may come across as less reliable. Completing this task on your own can be quite difficult, especially after a serious accident. That's why it's so crucial to complete the last step below.

 Personal Injury Lawyer Gramling, SC
4.

Contact a Lawyer

One of the most intelligent, important steps you can take after a car accident is calling a personal injury attorney in Gramling, SC. At CHSA Law, LLC, we will assist you with every step of your personal injury case to ensure that your rights are protected. That includes gathering all types of evidence relevant to your case. When we investigate your accident, we will determine the person who is liable for your losses. If there are multiple liable parties, we will hold each one accountable for their negligence.

Every personal injury case is different, which is why experience counts when it comes to car accident compensation. Our track record speaks for itself, but no number of past results will guarantee a perfect outcome. What we can guarantee, however, is our undivided attention and fierce dedication to your case, no matter the circumstances. Unlike other personal injury law firms in Gramling, you can have peace of mind knowing your best interests always come first at CHSA Law, LLC.

 Car Accident Attorney Gramling, SC

Common Car Accidents in
Gramling, SC

At CHSA Law, LLC, we have years of experience handling some of Gramling's most complicated car accident cases. Some of the most common cases that come across our desks include:

Drunk Driving Accidents

Drunk driving is a major problem in the Lowcountry. Drunk drivers are incredibly irresponsible and regularly cause fatal accidents because they drive physically and mentally impaired by alcohol. Drunk drivers have slower reaction times, delayed reflexes, and impaired vision, making them unfit to operate a motor vehicle. In auto wrecks, drunk drivers often come away with minor injuries compared to their victims, which is a bitter pill to swallow

Individuals who make a choice to drive drunk cause accidents by weaving in and out of traffic, going over the speed limit, failing to see pedestrians, and ignoring traffic laws. They may run cars off the road, rear-end vehicles, hit them head-on, or even cause a vehicle to roll over.

Drunk driving accidents in Gramling care result in horrible injuries, such as:

  • Burns
  • Broken Bones
  • Head Injuries
  • Brain Trauma
  • Spinal Cord Injuries
  • Soft Tissue Injuries
  • Mental Anguish

If you are injured or have lost a family member due to an impaired or drunk driver, our team of personal injury lawyers in Gramling can help. We have extensive experience with car accident cases and can explain your rights in simple, plain terms. It is important to know that you can file a personal injury suit regardless of the criminal case outcome against the drunk driver.

 Law Firm Gramling, SC

Rental and RV Accidents

When accidents happen in RVs or rental cars, people are often unsure of their rights. This confusion is understandable since there are additional insurance and legal issues that must be accounted for in these cases.

Fortunately, the lawyers at CHSA Law, LLC, have the experience to help you with complex car accident and RV cases. Attorney Michael Dill worked in the auto insurance industry before becoming an attorney. He also has an undergraduate degree that includes a focus on risk management and insurance. When it comes to rental and RV accidents, we review each client's case with a fine-tooth comb. Once we understand your accident, our team will explain your rights and options in easy-to-understand terms.

If you were involved in an accident while driving an RV or a rental vehicle, you may find that your auto insurance company, the rental car's insurance company, and the other party's insurance carrier will try to deny your claim. Situations like these call for a bold, experienced personal injury attorney in Gramling, SC, who isn't afraid of large corporations and insurance groups. We have extensive experience with insurance companies and know how to interpret policies. As your advocate, we will ensure that you receive the coverage and compensation you are entitled to, even if an insurance company says you aren't.

We can help you seek compensation in cases that involve:

  • Injuries from Boating Ac
    cidents
  • Rental Cars Injuries
  • RV Accidents
  • Jet Ski Injuries
  • Golf Cart Injuries
  • Rental cars
  • Boat accidents
  • ATV Accidents

Victims of RV and rental car accidents (as well as their families) may be entitled to compensation for pain and suffering, medical expenses, and lost income or benefits. Our personal injury lawyers work with life-care planners, medical experts, and economists to determine the amount of compensation you will need.

Personal Injury Attorney Gramling, SC

Texting While Driving and
Distracted Driving Accidents

We live in a time where just about everyone has their eyes glued to their phones. Often, this happens in situations where the person needs to be paying attention, like when they're driving an automobile. Taking a few moments to glance down at your phone can cause irreparable damage to other drivers. That is why texting while driving is illegal in Gramling. Typically, this crime is met with a minor traffic violation. However, when a distracted driver injures another motorist, you can seek compensation through a legal suit. If you have been injured in such a situation, our team can help you hold the negligent driver accountable for your losses and damages.

Texting takes drivers' minds and eyes off the road and their hands off the wheel. Because they are not paying attention to their driving,

They miss crucial road signs and information such as:

  • Changes in the Flow
    of Traffic
  • Traffic Lights
  • Traffic Signs
  • Work Zones
  • Bicyclists
  • Lane Changes
  • Incapacitate Cars and
    Motorists

At CHSA Law, LLC, we represent injury victims in Gramling who are involved in all types of car accidents, including distracted driving. We work with vigor to recover the full amount of compensation you and your family will need to recover. You can rely on our attorneys for dedicated, representation throughout your case. Unlike some distracted driving lawyers in Gramling, we will assist you with all aspects of your accident, including access to good medical care if needed.

 Personal Injury Lawyer Gramling, SC

Unflinching Legal Advocacy. Compassionate Care

At CHSA Law, LLC, we are proud of our commitment to our clients. We pledge to provide them with the highest quality legal representation in Gramling and treat them with respect, empathy, and compassion. If you are suffering from the results of a dangerous car accident, know we are here to assist.

We will help you seek compensation for your medical bills, lost wages, pain and suffering, and additional losses. Surviving family members may also recover funeral expenses and compensation for the personal loss of a loved one, including the deceased's future income and benefits. When you or your family's health and financial security are on the line, trust the best choose CHSA Law, LLC.

CONTACT US

Latest News in Gramling, SC

South Carolina Football’s GOAT Series: Top-12 greatest quarterbacks of all-time

South Carolina football will never be mistaken for one of the nation’s top producers of quarterback talent. However, there have still been a number of impressive signal callers who have donned the block C on their helmets. Scramblers, pocket passers, and guys who could do both have taken snaps under center for the Gamecocks. In 2023, Spencer Rattler hopes to build off the end of his 2022 season and add his name to this list.Honorable MentionsBobby Fuller: Had he spent more time i...

South Carolina football will never be mistaken for one of the nation’s top producers of quarterback talent. However, there have still been a number of impressive signal callers who have donned the block C on their helmets. Scramblers, pocket passers, and guys who could do both have taken snaps under center for the Gamecocks. In 2023, Spencer Rattler hopes to build off the end of his 2022 season and add his name to this list.

Honorable Mentions

Bobby Fuller: Had he spent more time in Columbia, Bobby Fuller (1990-1991) certainly would be higher on this list. Fuller transferred to South Carolina from Appalachian State when Sparky Woods became the head coach. On an offense loaded with talent, he threw for almost 5000 yards but led two unremarkable seasons in which the Gamecocks only won 7 FBS games despite only playing 5 ranked opponents.

Garry Harper: Garry Harper (1978-1980) had one job in garnet and black: hand the ball to King George. He did that job well and rode on George Rogers’ back to 20 wins, the same as Gamecock greats Stephen Garcia and Steve Taneyhill. Harper did just enough to give South Carolina a chance to win most weeks, and he had no problem deferring to Rogers and Johnnie Wright.

Dan Reeves: One of the best athletes to play quarterback for the Gamecocks, Dan Reeves (1962-1964) was one of the few bright spots on some bad Carolina teams. Among the all-time quarterback rushers at South Carolina, Reeves went on to a long NFL career as a running back and slot receiver before becoming a great NFL head coach.

Ron Bass: Ron Bass (1973-1977) was a popular quarterback despite following the great Jeff Grantz. Bass was one of the best running quarterbacks in school history and was part of a fun backfield with Clarence Williams and Kevin Long. Immortalized as “Sunshine” in the movie Remember the Titans, Bass had his best performance against rival North Carolina when, filling in for an injured Grantz, he rushed for over 200 yards and two touchdowns in the win.

Allen Mitchell: The starter during most of the “Black Magic” season of 1984, Mitchell split time at quarterback much of his career. He struggled statistically and wasn’t as talented as many other South Carolina quarterbacks. However, Mitchell was a good leader who won way more games than his natural abilities would indicate possible. His toughness was well-respected during his playing career.

Syvelle Newton: Syvelle Newton (2003-2006) was a football player. One of the best athletes to play for the Gamecocks regardless of position, Newton bounced around from position to position but spent two seasons as the leader under center for Lou Holtz and Steve Spurrier. Newton is one of only four players in the history of college football to amass over 600 yards passing, 600 yards rushing, and 600 yards receiving. He also spent time on defense and was a threat offensively, no matter where he was lined up at the snap.

Johnny Gramling: Playing in an era when freshmen were not allowed on the team, Johnny Gramling (1951-1953) started for three seasons and never had a losing season despite the Gamecocks having three losing seasons in a row prior to Gramling getting the job. He was a two-time all-conference player and led South Carolina to two shutout victories over rival Clemson, something that hasn’t happened since Gramling graduated.

South Carolina Football’s No. 12 Greatest Quarterback of All-Time: Mike Hold

Mike Hold (1984-1985) only spent one year as the starter in garnet and black, but it is not the season with which he is most often associated. As a senior, Hold had a decent 1985 season that saw the Gamecocks take a step back from the “Black Magic” of 1984. The previous year, operating primarily as Allen Mitchell’s backup, Hold played in every game and orchestrated two come-from-behind victories.

Also the reserve punter, Hold finished his career with just under 3000 passing yards and over 500 yards on the ground. Arguably his most iconic moment came on the last play of Carolina’s win over Clemson in 1984. In the victory formation, Hold took the snap, killed some clock, and took an unnecessary hit from William “The Refrigerator” Perry. As the whistle blew, Hold took a step back and dropped the ball at Perry’s feet, and allegedly said, “Hold that, Tiger!”

Campobello-Gramling School named South Carolina’s Best Reading School

For the second consecutive year, the top three finalists for the South Carolina International Reading Association’s Exemplary Reading Schools Award were schools from Spartanburg School District One.Campobello-Gramling School was named the SCIRA Exemplary Reading School for 2013. Holly Springs Motlow School was named an honor/ first runner-up school.District One Schools is extraordinarily proud of this accomplishment and it serves to validate that our schools are at the forefront of the best in literacy instruction across ...

For the second consecutive year, the top three finalists for the South Carolina International Reading Association’s Exemplary Reading Schools Award were schools from Spartanburg School District One.

Campobello-Gramling School was named the SCIRA Exemplary Reading School for 2013. Holly Springs Motlow School was named an honor/ first runner-up school.

District One Schools is extraordinarily proud of this accomplishment and it serves to validate that our schools are at the forefront of the best in literacy instruction across the state. When making the announcement of the winning school, the Chairman of the Awards Committee stated that all three schools from District One could have been the winner but the International Reading Association recognizes only one school from each state.

Each school was required to submit an extensive paper application that describes the literacy and reading program and covers these areas: the reading program is consistent with sound theory, research and practice; the reading program facilitates student learning; students have access to a wide variety of reading materials; students demonstrate success in reading; comprehension strategies are taught and applied across the curriculum; listening, speaking, viewing and writing are integrated into and support the reading program; administrators and teachers provide leadership and vision for the building and/or district reading program; the school and/or district offer support services to the program; literacy activities occur outside of school; and the community, including parents, is involved in the reading program.

Spartanburg School District One had several teams of teachers present at the conference to present workshops on our strategies for successful reading schools. Fourteen presentations were given from teachers from Spartanburg District One, including the three Exemplary Reading finalist schools.

Campobello Gramling serves about 765 students in K4-eighth grade.

John Hodge, principal at Campobello Gramling School, said he is extremely proud of the school’s accomplishments.

“Our students, our teachers, and our community worked extremely hard to get to the place where we could receive this award and we will continue to work hard. I am honored to be the principal of one of the three schools in District One who were finalists — what an accomplishment.”

Dr. Ron Garner, Superintendent of District One Schools, Spartanburg, said Campobello Gramling School is to be commended for receiving this honor.

“This recognition only validates what occurs every day in the school and is reflected in the success of the students at Campobello Gramling,” he said. “This is just another example of our district mission to provide a ‘quality, student-centered education. We are just as proud of our other schools that were honored by SCIRA and in our minds, they are all winners for the children we serve.”

– article submitted by Paula Brooks

Top Spartanburg-area girls basketball players to watch going into the 2022-23 season

With the fall sports season winding down, it's time to look forward to the basketball season. Here's a look at some of the top girls basketball players from the Spartanburg area to watch in the 2022-23 season.Note: Stats were submitted by coaches or found on MaxPreps or Hudl. Players are listed in alphabetical order.SPARTANBURG PLAYERS TO WATCH:...

With the fall sports season winding down, it's time to look forward to the basketball season. Here's a look at some of the top girls basketball players from the Spartanburg area to watch in the 2022-23 season.

Note: Stats were submitted by coaches or found on MaxPreps or Hudl. Players are listed in alphabetical order.

SPARTANBURG PLAYERS TO WATCH:Top Spartanburg-area boys basketball players to watch going into the 2022-23 season

FOOTBALL PREDICTIONS:Predicting winners of every South Carolina high school football playoff game

GREENVILLE PLAYERS TO WATCH:Top Greenville County boys basketball players to watch going into the 2022-23 season

KaDerrah Beason, Forward

High Point, Sr.

Beason led High Point in scoring with 17.7 points a game, while adding 6.4 rebounds and a berth to the Upper State championship game. With guard Adiyah Owens graduating, Beason will most likely continue to carry the scoring load for the Grizzlies and could add a layer to her game as a playmaker for new coach Jamaal Brown.

Savannah Brown, Center

Landrum, Jr.

Brown led Landrum with 11 points, 4.5 rebounds, and two assists per game and was the driving force behind a young Cardinals team making a run to the AA Upper State championship game. Brown's handle, size and scoring ability from anywhere on the court is what makes her a special player.

Sadie Burnette, Guard

Woodruff, So.

As a freshman, Burnette led the wolverines in scoring averaging 11.8 points a game, while adding 4.6 rebounds and 3.2 steals. With Burnette leading the way, Woodruff also brings back four of its top five scorers and should lean on her scoring but will also force defenses to stay honest when playing the Wolverines.

Te'Ericka Dowling, Guard

Byrnes, So.

The all-region team selection returns to Byrnes for her Sophomore season after averaging 12.3 points, 5.7 rebound, 2.2 assists and 2.3 steals a game. Dowling should have more opportunity to be the primary offensive weapon for Byrnes as scoring leader Savannah Porterfield has graduated.

Dasia Ferguson, Forward

Dorman, Sr.

Ferguson is the top returning scorer and rebounder from a great 2020-21 Dorman team, averaging 11.4 points, 7.5 rebound and 3.2 steals for the Cavaliers. Ferguson is a defensive stopper, constantly causing turnovers and crashing the defensive boards to end possessions, but this season with both of Dorman's leading scorers graduating, she'll need to increase her production on the offensive end for new coach Ashlen Dewart Dorn.

Annabella Foster, Forward

Blacksburg, Jr.

Foster was a force for Blacksburg in the middle of its offensive and defensive structures as a sophomore last year, averaging 7.4 points, 10.2 rebound and 3.3 steals. With scoring leader Tyty Tate graduating, there is a clear void on the offensive end for the Wildcats that Foster has the ability to fill.

Clara Gramling, Forward

Chapman, Sr.

Gramling averaged 15.8 points, 3.1 rebounds and 2.3 steals last season for a Chapman team that returns most of its roster. Expect Gramling to help lead an improved Panthers team with her scoring and experience.

Leah Page, Forward

Gaffney, Sr.

Page is a versatile big guard/forward that can put the ball in the basket and find her teammates, she averaged 13.5 points, 7.5 rebounds and 4.2 assists for a Gaffney team that finished 2nd in the region, and should be favored to win the region this season.

Shyrique Parker

Gaffney, Jr.

Along with Page, Parker was another big reason for Gaffney's success last season, averaging 16 points, 7.9 rebounds and 3.2 steals -- leading the team in scoring and rebounding.

Olivia Martin, Center

High Point, Sr.

Martin returns to High Point as one of the top interior players in the area, the senior averaged a double-double last season, 11.8 points and 10.3 rebounds a game. The front-court combo of Beason and Martin will be one the deadliest in the area and in all of the 1-A classification.

Krislyn Wilder, Guard

Chapman, So.

Wilder lead Chapman as a freshman in scoring, assists and steals with 16.6 points, 4.8 assists, and 2.4 steals a game while adding 6.8 rebounds.

Josie Workman, Forward

Byrnes, Sr.

The North Greenville commit and all-region selection, Workman averaged 12.3 points, 7 rebounds, 2 blocks and 1.9 steals last season for Byrnes. Along with Dowling, Workman should be one of the go-to scorers and leaders for the Rebels team this season.

Half a degree stole the climate spotlight in 2018

The grim reality of climate change grabbed center stage in 2018.This is the year we learned that the 2015 Paris Agreement on global warming won’t be enough to forestall significant impacts of climate change. And a new field of research explicitly attributed some extreme weather events to human-caused climate change. This one-two punch made it clear that climate change isn’t just something to worry about in the coming decades. It’s already here.This looming problem was apparent three years ago when nearly all o...

The grim reality of climate change grabbed center stage in 2018.

This is the year we learned that the 2015 Paris Agreement on global warming won’t be enough to forestall significant impacts of climate change. And a new field of research explicitly attributed some extreme weather events to human-caused climate change. This one-two punch made it clear that climate change isn’t just something to worry about in the coming decades. It’s already here.

This looming problem was apparent three years ago when nearly all of the world’s nations agreed to cut greenhouse gas emissions to limit global warming to no more than 2 degrees Celsius over preindustrial times by 2100 (SN: 1/9/16, p. 6). That pact was hard-won, but even then, some scientists sounded a note of caution: That target wouldn’t be stringent enough to prevent major changes.

So the United Nations took an unprecedented step. It commissioned the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change to examine how the world might fare if global warming were limited to 1.5 degrees instead of 2 degrees. That report, released in October, confirmed that half a degree can indeed make a world of difference (SN: 10/27/18, p. 7). A half degree less warming means less sea level rise, fewer species lost due to vanished habitats and fewer life-threatening heat, drought and precipitation extremes (SN: 6/9/18, p. 6).

There’s little time to reverse course. The IPCC report notes that the planet’s average temperature has already increased by nearly 1 degree since preindustrial times, and that rise is contributing to extinctions, lower crop yields and more frequent wildfires. At the end of 2017, three attribution studies for the first time determined that certain extreme events, including an extended marine heat wave in the Pacific Ocean known as “the Blob,” would not have happened without human-induced climate change (SN: 1/20/18, p. 6).

This year, researchers reported that the 2017 Atlantic hurricane season got a boost from warm waters in the tropical Atlantic, fueled by climate change (SN Online: 9/28/18). And a team of scientists determined that climate change was the engine behind September’s intense rainfall from Hurricane Florence in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States (SN Online: 9/13/18).

A report released November 23 by hundreds of U.S. climate scientists from 13 federal agencies put a price tag on many of the effects for the United States (SN Online: 11/28/18). The report predicts the country’s economy will shrink by as much as 10 percent by 2100 if global warming continues on its current trajectory.

Climate simulations suggest that Earth will reach the 1.5 degree threshold within a decade. And even if countries were to agree to limit warming to that level, the planet would almost certainly surpass it before the warming reversed, due to the realities of how quickly emissions can be reduced. Passing that target will probably lead to some irreversible changes, such as melted glaciers and species losses. To overshoot the mark by only a small amount, or not at all, requires reducing emissions by about 45 percent relative to 2010 levels by the year 2030. The planet would then be able to reach net zero, when the amount of carbon released to the atmosphere is balanced by the amount removed, by around 2050, the IPCC report notes.

To bring warming back down below the 1.5 degree target by the end of the century, the world will need negative emissions technologies to remove large amounts of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. Such technologies that limit or even reverse warming are less pie-in-the-sky than they sound, says Stephen Pacala, an ecologist at Princeton University. “Although there is a lot of doom and gloom available on the progress of humanity, there isn’t on the technological side.” Pacala chaired a National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine committee that released a report in October that analyzed the viability of current and emerging negative emissions technologies as well as encouraged large-scale investments in them.

Some simple negative emissions practices already in use include planting forests to soak up atmospheric carbon, or growing plants for biofuels and then storing underground the CO2 from the burning of those fuels. But current efforts have drawbacks. Planting sufficient forests or biofuel crops “would have a large land footprint,” says economist and IPCC coauthor Sabine Fuss of the Mercator Research Institute on Global Commons and Climate Change in Berlin. And that could impact future food availability and biodiversity.

Other negative emissions technologies in development could become game changers, Pacala says. Direct air capture, in which CO2 is removed directly from the atmosphere and converted into synthetic fuel, is a proven technology. But so far, the high cost of direct air capture remains a barrier to commercial-scale development. The National Academies report says that nations should subsidize start-ups to drive competition in this area — after all, that’s what worked for wind and solar power, Pacala notes. Other proposed negative emissions technologies, such as converting atmospheric CO2 into a stable mineral form (SN: 9/15/18, p. 9), show some promise but require large-scale financial investment in their basic science to make them viable, the report states.

Reducing demand for resource-intensive products will also be important to reach the 1.5 degree target, Fuss says. Cities need to move away from fossil fuels, and individuals can do their part by, for example, traveling less (SN: 6/9/18, p. 5), eating less meat (SN: 7/7/18, p. 10) and installing more energy-efficient appliances. Data show that, given the right incentives, people are willing to make such lifestyle changes, says IPCC report coauthor Linda Steg, an environmental psychologist at the University of Groningen in the Netherlands. And those incentives aren’t necessarily financial or based on self-interest, she adds. “People are also motivated by protecting the interests of others, or by the quality of the environment.”

Holding warming to 1.5 degrees “is not impossible,” says Natalie Mahowald, a climate scientist at Cornell University and an IPCC report coauthor. But “it really requires ambitious efforts, and the sooner the better. We have to start cutting emissions now.”

Political will to act varies country by country, but scientists have done what they can to convey the urgency and the scope of the climate change problem, says IPCC report coauthor Heleen de Coninck, an environmental scientist at Radboud University in Nijmegen, Netherlands. Nations “have it in their hands, and they know what they are working with,” de Coninck says. “Now it’s up to them.”

9/11 'Never Forget' Museum open this weekend at Patriot's Point

MOUNT PLEASANT, S.C. (WCIV) — A little bit of history rolled into town Friday.The 9/11 'Never Forget' Mobile Museum is stationed in Mount Pleasant this weekend. Its purpose - to make sure no one forgets the thousands of lives lost nearly 15 years ago."When everything was attacked I was in high school," Mount Pleasant firefighter Mike Olson said. "Specifically, in band class."Olson was one of several local firefighters to help set up the mobile museum on the grounds of Patriot's Point.&quo...

MOUNT PLEASANT, S.C. (WCIV) — A little bit of history rolled into town Friday.

The 9/11 'Never Forget' Mobile Museum is stationed in Mount Pleasant this weekend. Its purpose - to make sure no one forgets the thousands of lives lost nearly 15 years ago.

"When everything was attacked I was in high school," Mount Pleasant firefighter Mike Olson said. "Specifically, in band class."

Olson was one of several local firefighters to help set up the mobile museum on the grounds of Patriot's Point.

"Our mission every day at Patriot's Point - it fits in perfect here," Public Information Officer Chris Hauff of Patriot's Point said. "It's a central location for people to come and go. It's a free exhibit and it's no cost to anybody except for a parking fee."

First responders got a first look at the museum Friday night before it officially opens to the public Saturday at 10 a.m.

"Just extreme pride - extreme emotion about this," Olson said. "This is an emotional day that happened to our country so I'm just extremely, just proud to be a part of this."

"At the end of the day the fire department as a whole is a brotherhood, a family," said Mount Pleasant Fire Captain Edward Gramling.

Gramling served in the Fairfax County fire department September 11th, 2001. He may not have been a part of the rescue efforts at the Pentagon or World Trade Center, but understands the impact.

"If someone in another part of the nation, as a firefighter, hurts, it's a collective hurt among the ranks," he said.

The brotherhood stood together Friday to educate.

"I think it's so important to remember what happened to us as a country, as a city, because we did forget what happened to us in the '93 bombing," retired New York City Fire Commander Jack Oehm said.

"I was a battalion chief at the time," he said. "I lost three out of my nine units - never came back home. So twenty of my men never came back home."

Now, Oehm gives a heartfelt tour through the mobile museum every chance he gets.

"Feeling mad and angry and upset about what happened to us as a country."

He said it's how he keeps more than three thousand memories alive for the next generation of high school kids, who could one day also serve this country.

"I'll never forget it," Olson said. "Didn't really understand the impact of it until I got a little older and now being a firefighter, I now understand how important that event was and the pride I feel just being a part of this today."

The museum is open from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. Saturday and Sunday. It is free to enter. Donations will go to the Stephen Siller Tunnel to Towers Foundation to help build injured Veterans 'smart homes' once then return from combat.

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